Elements of Cybersecurity

1 min read

With increasing digitalization, the IT sector is undergoing continuous expansion. There has been increasing use of computers, the Internet, and wireless networks or devices (Bluetooth and Wi-Fi), smart devices (smartphones, smart electronics, smart systems, and gadgets), and various tiny devices that constitute the Internet of Things. 

Both large and small & medium enterprises process large volumes of data using a digital platform. Hence, cybersecurity software has become essential to protect computer systems and their components from unauthorized access or attacks.

Elements of Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity software is designed in a way that makes it possible to maintain the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data across organizations. Elements of information security include the following.

  • Application security
  • Information security
  • Network security
  • Disaster recovery/business continuity planning
  • Operational security
  • Education of end users

The cybersecurity framework is developed for use across sectors such as banking, communications, defense, energy, government, corporate, financial, and medical.

Cybersecurity software involves multiple layers of protection across networks. There are three approaches of data security controls: people, processes, and technology; it is necessary that these complement one another to maintain an effective defense for cyberattacks.

People

Every employee needs to be aware of and must understand and comply with basic data security practices such as choosing strong passwords, being wary of attachments in email, and backing up data. Users must have the knowledge of preventing and reducing cyber threats and remain updated with the latest cyber risks, solutions, and qualifications, to be able to mitigate and respond to cyberattacks effectively.

Processes

Processes are important in communicating the organization’s cyber security process. A well-structured process should also clearly define roles and responsibilities and specify procedures to be followed. The framework can explain how one can identify attacks, protect systems, detect & respond to threats, and recover from successful attacks. Processes need to be regularly reviewed to counter the latest cyber threats and responses as the cyber framework undergoes constant changes.

Technology

Technical controls are important when providing organizations and individuals the computer security tools to protect themselves from cyberattacks. From access controls to installing antivirus software, technology can be positioned to mitigate cyber risks to endpoint devices (computers, smart devices, and routers), networks, and the cloud.  The common technology used to protect these entities include next-generation firewalls, DNS filtering, malware protection, antivirus software, and email security solutions. These three approaches help companies protect themselves from organized and opportunistic attacks and common internal threats.

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